China traces health condition of face-tattooed women

Chinese authorities are tracking the health records of the last group of women whose faces were tattooed in a southwestern tribal tradition as they seek to preserve the vanishing ethnic culture.

 
 Chinese Culture

Chinese authorities are tracking the health records of the last group of women whose faces were tattooed in a southwestern tribal tradition as they seek to preserve the vanishing ethnic culture.

The painful tradition of tattooing simple patterns across the nose, mouth and cheeks of women in the Dulong ethnic minority existed for hundreds of years, believed to have started in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).

One of China’s 56 ethnic groups, the Dulong ethnic minority has a total population of around 7,000 living in the Dulongjiang Village in southwest Yunnan province.

The custom is believed to have started in the late Ming Dynasty about 360 years ago. The Dulong people were often attacked by other ethnic groups and women were taken as slaves. To avoid being raped, the Dulong women had their faces tattooed to make themselves less attractive.

But after the founding of New China, the tradition began to taper off and the number of Dulong women carrying remnants of the tradition in Yunnan province is dwindling.

In 2007, the number of woman with facial tattoos was 130. Now there remain just 26. The youngest of the 26 is 54, while the oldest is in her 90s.

“We have created records for the 26 women, while doctors check their health condition each month,” said Zhou Lixin, a police officer of the Dulongjiang Village in Nujiang Prefecture, Yunnan.

Doctors have been measuring vital signs such as weight and blood pressure, as well as other physical indices. They also bring medicine to the women and take them to hospital if necessary.

“They are the last face-tattooed women,” he said. “Their stories will become history, but we want them to live longer and healthier.”

by Xiao Xiao xiaoxiao@interactchina.com

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Miao Cuisine, Simple and Authentic

Miao people 2 You may think Miao/Hmong people are wealthy as wearing splendid silver jewelry, but in reality, most Miao/Hmong living in mountains with poor transportation and far away from commercial cities, most Miao live in simple lifestyle.

Miao/Hmong food is quite simple even during holidays and weddings. The main food is rice. Other foods are yams, millet, corn, wheat, buckwheat, and sorghum. All of them are cooked in a bamboo steamer. The Miao like hot pepper and all their food is spicy. They also like sour flavor. Vegetables are their main dish. However, they do have a few interesting delicacies. Food displayed on their table is different from any other Chinese food.

 

Oil- Tea

 

Miao People 4 Miao People 5

If you go to Miao/Hmong village, you may feel shocked when the host serves you bowls after bowls of delicious oil-tea. You may feel forced to drink them all. Oil-tea is made of ginger, salt, and of course, oil. All of these ingredients are fried and mixed before put into a pot to boil with water. After the water is boiled, beans, peanuts, corn, glutinous rice, spring onions, garlic, and peppers are added. It is rich and tasty served in bowls with chopsticks. When you don’t want to drink any more, just put your chopsticks into the bowl and that signals you don’t want any more.

 

Sour Soup

 

Miao People 6 Miao people have a saying that one can’t walk if he /she doesn’t eat sour food for 3 days. Sour food is so popular that almost every Miao family has a jar to contain a sour soup with different vegetables. The vegetables can be leeks, carrots, radishes and cucumber. These vegetables are cut into pieces and mixed together with glutinous rice flour, salty water and pepper. Put all these into a jar and the soup will be ready in about 10 days. Miao people like to cook sour food together with meat, chicken or fish.

 

Rice Wine

 

Miao People 7 Like most Chinese liquor, Miao wine is made of rice. Wine toasting combined with singing and dancing are Miao’s special ways to welcome guests. For important guests, wine toasting start from the village gate all the way to their homes, usually 12 bowls along the way. The guests need to drink all these bowls of wine before arriving. If the guests can’t finish, they’ll be challenged and laughed at by the Miao people.

Miao/Hmong cuisine is rich and unique which reflect their history and interesting culture. In fact, Miao cuisine inspires the designs of Miao jewelry as well.

by Xiao Xiao @ InteractChina.com

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